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Photo: Aleksander Ładoś, charge d'affaires of Poland in Switzerland during WWII.

During World War II, Polish diplomats living in exile in Bern worked with Jewish activists to carry out the so-called passport campaign aimed at saving Jews during the Holocaust.


Based on extensive research by the Pilecki Institute, Passports for Life tells the story of Aleksander Ładoś, Konstanty Rokicki, Abraham Silberschein, Chaim Eiss, Stefan Ryniewicz, and Juliusz Kühl, also known as the Ładoś Group, and how they issued false passports and documents from Latin American countries to Jews trying to escape the Nazis and their collaborators. The forgery of thousands of documents from Paraguay, Honduras, Haiti, and Peru by Polish diplomats became a means to grant citizenship to Jews living in ghettos not only in Poland, but throughout occupied Europe and help them escape certain death.


Peruvian passport issued to Chaim Szlama Weksberg and his family

Yad Vashem Archive, Dr Abraham Silberschein Archive, inventory number M20/165

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